THC and CBD, including other cannabinoids, have become very well-known since the legalization of cannabis in South Africa, and elsewhere around the world. Cannabinoids found in marijuana also have profound medical benefits and it is now possible to easily obtain both CBD Oil and THC Oil in South Africa. It’s important to know what the differences between the different types of oils are. Although CBD and THC are both cannabinoids, and both come from the marijuana plant, their effects on the human body are different. What exactly is THC and how does it differ from CBD?
How are THC and CBD different?
THC stands for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. CBD stands for Cannabidiol. While CBD doesn’t get you high, the same cannot be said for THC! THC Oil very likely will contain every cannabinoid, including CBD, while CBD Oil most likely will only contain CBD. THC Oil is therefore known as Full Extract Cannabis Oil (or FECO), as well as Rick Simpson Oil, or Phoenix Tears Oil.
What is Cannabis Oil (THC oil)?
Our bodies contain two receptors for cannabinoids called cb1 and cb2 receptors. CB1 receptors are found primarily in the brain. THC binds to cb1 and cb2 receptors while CBD does not bind, or only binds very weakly to either by itself. CBD needs THC to bind to the cb1 receptor, in doing so, CBD modulates the effect of THC. A cannabis strain with a high THC content and low CBD content can produce some unwanted effects such as paranoia. CBD has the ability to slow things down for THC.
Cannabis oil contains the concentrated extract of the cannabis plant including cannabinoids and terpenes. The extraction is done using a solvent. What’s left is a thick black substance also known as Rick Simpson Oil, FECO, Hash Oil, or Dagga Oil.
CBD oil is a form of cannabis oil but, importantly, it contains very little THC. It does not produce any psychoactive effects in those that consume it. A full extract oil, however, THC oil, takes advantage of the Entourage Effect where a synergistic relationship exists between cannabinoids and terpenes. They work better together than either of them work in isolation. CBD works better when THC is around, and visa-versa.
Related: The Effects of THC
THC and CBD were both first identified in the 1960s by an Israeli doctor by the name of Raphael Mechoulam, who first investigated cannabis as a scientist.
THC and CBD are extremely similar! The two molecules have exactly the same number of atoms – 21 Carbon, 30 Hydrogen, and 2 Oxygen. Only a slight difference in the arrangement of the two molecules however makes a big difference to their effects on the human body.
Our own human bodies create cannabinoids – they’re called endocannabinoids and two have been discovered – anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) The amazing thing is that cannabinoids made by the cannabis plant are very similar to the cannabinoids that the human body produces. We don’t know why this happy accident of nature took place, but we’re glad it did!
THC oil and CBD oil as Medicine
What is the medicinal value of THC and CBD? Researchers are carrying out a lot of studies into these two compounds now that cannabis has been legalized. Before legalization, scientific research into cannabis was banned, to the detriment of human medicine and to humanity. THC oil contains both CBD and THC, as well as every other cannabinoid and terpene. Much of what CBD oil is prescribed for is accomplished better by THC because of the entourage effect:
THC Oil Fights Cancer
Cannabis oil is a potent weapon in the fight against cancer. Scientific research is always ongoing but already there is a lot of both anecdotal and scientific research proving that cannabis oil kills cancer cells, with Canadian Rick Simpson leading the fight to disclose to the world this remarkable evidence. Rick Simpson oil is a full-plant extract containing both THC and CBD along with terpenes and cannabinoids.
Treating pain with THC oil has become standard in various parts of the world. Doctors use cannabis oil to ween patients off of Opioids, or they use cannabis oil in conjunction with Opioids. Patients have reported remarkable success in treating chronic pain.
THC Oil for Insomnia
Of people surveyed purchasing marijuana at dispensaries, 74% of them reported using marijuana to help with sleep and insomnia. Patients consistently report being able to fall asleep quicker with THC oil.
THC Oil for Anxiety
Studies are ongoing about THC’s therapeutic role in treating anxiety. But, regular cannabis users have been saying for years that marijuana is the only thing that helps their anxiety conditions including PTSD and other forms of anxiety such as social anxiety disorder and generalized anxiety disorder.
Crohn’s Disease and THC Oil
90% of patients in one study reported substantial improvement in their Crohn’s symptoms after being treating with THC oil, with 50% of the patients going into complete remission.
THC oil and Alzheimer’s Disease
Evidence is mounting that THC oil can delay the onset and progression of Alzheimer’s Disease and dementia.
THC oil for Multiple Sclerosis
The therapeutic use of cannabis started with MS. MS patients kept on using cannabis illegally. This led to the House of Lords Science and Technology Committee inquiry in 1998 (76). The approval of Sativex (nabiximols) for the treatment of spasticity in MS was the first licensed cannabis medicine.
How do you take THC/ CBD Oil?
There are two main ways people take cannabis oil – either orally or by suppository. However, you can find CBD nowadays in almost anything ranging from soft drinks to sushi.
Historical Usage of Cannabis Oil
The medical benefits of cannabis are undeniable and the evidence is available for anyone who searches. Archeological evidence suggests that ancient cultures used cannabis in an oil format long before modern times. In a sense, we’ve rediscovered the healing properties of THC and CBD and excitement is building about further discoveries yet to come from this amazing plant. Scientists are constantly discovering new cannabinoids and we can’t wait for further breakthroughs that are yet to come.