Glossary of Cannabis Terms

Glossary of Cannabis Terms

Glossary of Cannabis Oil Terminology.
Alcohol extraction

This extraction method requires the plant material to be immersed in high quality ethanol or an equivalent alcohol solvent for approximately 5 minutes. After draining the thick resin, the alcohol is boiled for about 20 to 30 minutes to cool the collected resin.

Anandamide (AEA)

An endogenous cannabinoid that binds to cannabinoid receptors and mimics the activity of plant cannabinoids.  Endogenous means that the human body itself creates it.

2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)

Endogenous cannabinoids that occur at relatively high levels in the central nervous system. Endogenous means that the human body itself creates it.

Bioavailability

This is a pharmacological term that refers to the rate at which a drug or other substance enters the bloodstream and is then used by the body. For example, injecting a substance can be more bioavailable than ingesting it (it is more likely to have an effect on the body).

Broad Spectrum CBD

This type of cannabis product is considered a mixture of full spectrum CBD and CBD isolates. Wide spectrum CBD products generally include more than CBD. For example, some small cannabinoids and terpenes, but not the psychoactive cannabinoid THC.

Cannabichromene (CBC)

One of the 120 cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, meaning it does not cause euphoria.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

This is the second most common cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. It is an important non-psychoactive plant cannabinoid that produces many pharmacological, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Cannabidiol has been shown to calm the movements of people in dystonia, a condition characterized by muscle spasms. Studies also suggest that it may help treat anxiety, movement disorders and pain. CBD interacts with THC in the body – it is said that CBD modulates THC and works in combination with it.

Cannabinoid

These are a large and diverse group of substances, regardless of origin or structure, classified together by their ability to bind to cannabinoid receptors in the body and brain. These cannabinoid molecules are produced by certain plants, such as cannabis, humans produce endocannabinoids, and they can even be artificially produced. Marijuana plants contain more than 100 cannabinoids.

Cannabinoid 2 (CB2) receptor

CB2 receptors regulate the biological functions of specific cells, tissues, and organs. CB2 receptors are found in white blood cells, tonsils, spleen, immune cells, and neurons. CB2 receptors help mediate the effects of cannabinoids on these organs and cells.

Cannabinoid profile

The concentration of active cannabinoids in the product or substance.

Cannabinol

CBN.  A slightly psychoactive crystalline cannabinoid found in small amounts in cannabis. Cannabinol is a degradation product of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and has a sedative effect.  THC naturally degrades to CBN over time.

Cannabis

Cannabis refers to a group of three marijuana plants with psychoactive properties: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis contains over 120 chemically and biologically active ingredients known as cannabinoids as well as many terpenes which give the plant it’s distinctive aroma. Cannabis is known by many names including marijuana, dagga, Mary Jane and others.

Cannabis indica

A cannabis strain known for its high concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Also known as indica, it is known for its sleep-inducing properties and calming effects. Indica contains high levels of THC and is a popular recreationally and medicinally.

Cannabis sativa

A cannabis strain known to promote a cerebral euphoric high. Also known as Sativa, it has hallucinogenic, hypnotic, sedative, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Cannabis oil

An oil derived from cannabis plants. It is a concentrated form of cannabis extract containing cannabinoids and terpenes, especially tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), and other cannabinoids.

CBD Oil

This is a cannabis product (derived from hemp or marijuana, dagga) made from hemp that contains a lot of cannabidiol and low tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBD has become popular amongst consumers around the world due to it’s medicinal properties.

CBD Spray

Usually contains the weakest concentration of CBD compared to many other products. Doses tend to be more inconsistent when compared to other forms of oral ingestion. However, sprays are very popular because they are easy to carry and apply. To administer, inject one serving (usually ± 2 sprays) into the mouth.

CBD Vape Oil

You can use an evaporator to fill a cartridge with any CBD Vape Oil (also known as Vape Juice). Vaping obviously has less serious impact than other CBD delivery methods. However, the effect can be felt much faster, so you can continue to evaporate until you feel the relief you want.

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

This is a document issued by a testing facility to ensure that a regulated product meets product specifications. It usually contains the actual test results obtained as part of the quality control test for individual lots of the product. These include strength tests, heavy metal tests, solvent tests, and / or terpene tests.

Clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (CECD)

The theory that inadequate levels of endocannabinoids can lead to diseases such as migraine, fibromyalgia, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Closed-loop extraction

An extraction method that does not expose the solvent to the outside air. This process was used in the past to make perfumes and beauty products, but more recently it is also used to make cannabis concentrates.

Concentrates (or extracts)

Cannabis concentrates or extracts are much more powerful than standard cannabis buds or flowers. It is processed to preserve only the most desirable medicinal compounds while removing excess botanical material. Concentrates are often developed for medical applications.

Cure

A process used to preserve the cannabis plant and retain its flavors and therapeutic properties. Curing involves removing moisture from the flowers under controlled environmental conditions.

Concentration

In chemistry, concentration is the abundance of a component divided by the total amount of the mixture. To prepare CBD concentrate, cannabidiol is extracted from hemp or cannabis by specialists using a variety of extraction methods. Then filter it to increase the concentration of various CBD products.

Dabbing

This method of using cannabis extract that requires inhaling a small amount of concentrated and vaporized hemp oil or resin. It is generally heated on a hot metal surface or pipe. Although believed to be different from cannabis and smoking concentrations, it still involves inhalation.  Dabbing is noted for its quick therapeutic effects.

Dagga Oil

Dagga oil is the name given in South Africa to cannabis oil.

Decarboxylation

The process of applying heat to change cannabinoids from their natural acidic forms, for example THCa, to THC.

Dronabinol (Marinol and Syndros)

Dronabinol is a synthetic form of THC and is often used to treat appetite and weight loss in people with cancer and HIV. Dronabinol is also used to treat severe nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy. Marinol and Sindros are common brands of Dronabinol.

Edible

Foods and sweets made with marijuana. Foods need to be digested to be effective, so it may take some time to feel the effects.

Eicosanoids

A signal molecule made from arachidonic acid or other polyunsaturated fatty acids similar to arachidonic acid. All endogenous cannabinoids are eicosanoids.

Endocannabinoid

In biology, the term endocannabinoids refers to the body’s cannabinoid receptors that make up the endocannabinoid system and respond to cannabinoid molecules. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body, including the brain, organs, connective tissue, glands, and immune cells. Their purpose is to maintain homeostasis.  So far, two have been identified: anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG).

Endocannabinoid enzyme

A protein produced by the body to break down endogenous cannabinoids that have reached their goals. The two major endogenous cannabinoid enzymes are fatty acid amidohydrolase (FAAH) and monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL).

Endocannabinoid receptors

Special receptors to which endocannabinoids bind, signaling that the endocannabinoid system must act. They are found throughout the body and can interact with cannabis compounds. There are two types of receptors, the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor.

Endocannabinoid reuptake inhibitor

A drug that limits the reuptake of endogenous cannabinoid neurotransmitters by the releasing neurons.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

ECS is a neuromodulatory system that plays an important role in the development of the central nervous system (CNS), synaptic plasticity, and response to intrinsic and environmental injuries. It is composed of cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids, and enzymes involved in their synthesis and degradation.

Extraction

Extraction techniques are used to separate the chemical constituents of cannabis from the plant matrix.

Entourage effect

The entourage effect describes the phenomenon of multiple cannabinoids and terpenes having a greater effect in the human body than any one of the molecules has working alone.

FECO

FECO is an acronym that stands for Fully Extracted Cannabis Oil.  FECO is the opposite of a product like CBD oil which only contains 1 active ingredient.  FECO contains every compound found in the cannabis plant including cannabinoids and terpenes.

Fenix Tears

Commonly misspelt form of Phoenix Tears.

Flower

The flower, or bud, of the female cannabis plant.  This is the part that is smoked and which contains cannabinoids and terpenes.

Full Spectrum

This type of product contains many cannabinoids other than CBD, along with other elements of the hemp plant, such as natural terpenes, essential vitamins, fatty acids, and proteins. They are usually within their natural amount.

Hemp

This is a commonly found plant in the Northern Hemisphere and is a strain of the cannabis sativa plant species. Hemp is specially cultivated for many industrial uses of its derivatives. Although part of the cannabis family, hemp usually contains less than 0.2% THC by dry weight.  However, the term hemp is also sometimes used to refer to cannabis which does in fact contain THC, especially in north America.

Hemp Oil

This is the essence of what is extracted from hemp plants. Depending on which country you reside in, hemp oil can refer either to full extract cannabis oil or to just CBD oil.

Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp Seed Oil and Hemp Oil are completely different products. Hemp oil is extracted from the stems and stems of plants, but hemp seed oil is specially squeezed only from the seeds. It is also often used in skin care products and cooking. Hemp seed oil does not contain THC or CBD.

Homeostasis

A term that describes the how your body keeps itself in balance dynamically.

Hybrid A cannabis strain that is part indica, sativa and/ or ruderalis.

Hydroponics

The science of growing plants without any soil in a substrate which contains no nutrients such as water or coco-peat. Artificial nutrients are added to the inert medium.

Industrial Cannabis

This is a type of agricultural cannabis that has been specially cultivated to be incorporated into a variety of possible products. CBD oil can be made from industrial cannabis and does not contain more than 0.3% THC. A variety of textile and building materials can be created from industrial cannabis.

Isolate (CBD)

This is a single cannabinoid which is extracted and isolated from other cannabinoids commonly found in cannabis. Separation of cannabinoids is often preferred if someone does not necessarily require the full functionality of the full spectrum variant, or if it is not legally permitted to use THC instead.

Liquid Solvent Extraction

This is an effective way to extract resin from plant materials. This includes the use of solvents such as butane and hexane. These solvents remain in liquid form under pressure and evaporate as soon as they are released. The remaining dark oil is a resin that can be used in various products. However, trace impurities may remain.

Marijuana

Another name for Cannabis or Dagga.  It can refer either to the plant itself or to the plant material obtained.

MCT Oil

Medium Chain Triglyceride (MCT) Oil is popular because it can be easily metabolized by the body rather than being stored as fat or cholesterol. The most common type is a combination of palm oil and coconut oil. It is often used to lower cholesterol levels in the elderly and increase muscle mass and strength.

Microdosing

It is customary to administer very small amounts of chemicals or drugs daily, rather than large doses once or twice daily. This can be a way to test and benefit from physiological reactions while minimizing side-effects. Many people use this method to determine the ideal dose.

Cesamet (Nabilone)

Synthetic cannabinoids prescribed for severe nausea and vomiting caused by cancer treatments such as chemotherapy.

Phytocannabinoids

Naturally occurring cannabinoids made by the cannabis plant.  

Oil Extraction

This extraction method often produces fresh oil with a short shelf life. This involves using olive oil and heating the plant material in it to about 100 ° C for 1 to 2 hours.

Opioids

This is a class of medicines commonly used to relieve pain. Opioids should be prescribed by doctors and medical professionals, especially as they are associated with increasing addiction worldwide.

Pure CBD Oil

This is considered the opposite of full spectrum cannabis oil, or Rick Simpson Oil. Pure CBD oil is made by using CBD isolate with oil and then adding anhydrous hemp oil.

Psychoactive

When a substance or compound is considered psychoactive, it means that it can alter perception or way of thinking.

Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)

A concentrated form of cannabis oil that usually appears as a dark black substance in a syringe and usually contains a lot of THC. Rick Simpson oil became famous because of it being used as a cancer cure.  However, it soon became apparent that it was useful medicinally for a wide variety of conditions.

Shatter

It has become a common term or nickname commonly used to describe cannabis extract. It is primarily considered incredibly pure and clean. Shatter is essentially a concentrated form of THC and is made from cannabis plant resin.

Sublingual

In the medical world, it’s the way people put their products under their tongue. This pharmacological route of administration is based on the fact that substances in the bloodstream can spread through the tissues just below the tongue. They are usually in the form of tablets.

Supercritical CO2 Extraction

This is an extraction method that uses a special machine called a closed loop extractor. Cannabinoids and terpenes can be extracted from plant materials by using liquid carbon dioxide at high pressure and ultra low temperature. When the pressure is released, CO2 evaporates immediately.

Synthetic cannabis

Synthetic cannabinoids such as Spice and K2 refer to products that use artificial chemicals. Some people may use synthetic marijuana instead of marijuana. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warns that the effects of synthetic marijuana on the body are unpredictable and harmful and can differ materially from those of marijuana.

Terpene

Refers to one of the larger groups of volatile unsaturated hydrocarbons found in plant essential oils. Terpenes are actually the oils found in all plants and tend to give certain plants their aroma, flavor and even additional health benefits. It is a diverse class of organic compounds produced by a wide variety of plants.

Terpsolate

This is a type of cannabis distillery that combines CBD and hemp. It’s a cannabis product that includes CBD and terpenes. If you don’t want to use high THC, we recommend that you consider CBD isolates such as terpsolate instead of using the full range of CBD products and tonics.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

This is one of the most important cannabinoids found in cannabis and is closely associated with the psychoactive effects of marijuana. It is the cannabinoid that produces the “high” associated with marijuana.

Tinctures

Traditionally used to describe alcoholic products made by dissolving a substance in alcohol but is also a liquid that contains a concentrated herbal extract.

Transdermal

Refers to a particular product or method, which requires a person to apply the product directly to the skin. It still enters the bloodstream and usually also contains a special permeable enhancer. It is slowly absorbed by the body and is usually applied with an adhesive.

Vaping

This is the inhalation of vapor that occurs when a liquid is heated to a particular point. This vapor is inhaled like smoke and is a popular CBD liquid delivery method. Smoke bearing CBD has proven to be one of the solid forms of cannabinoids, as vapor inhalation bypasses the digestive system.

Vaginal Epithelium

The inner layer of the vagina, which is made up of several layers of cells (squamous cells). The basal membrane supports the first layer of epithelium (the basal layer). The intermediate layers lie upon the basal layer and the superficial layer is the outermost layer of the epithelium.  This allows for efficient absorption of cannabinoids.

Wax (CBD)

A highly crystallized form of the naturally occurring lipids and lipids in CBD oil. Wax is obtained by a process called chromatography. CBD wax can be taken under the tongue or used to make tinctures, but CBD wax is often heated in a process called an abrasive. CBD wax can occur with a variety of consequences.

Water Soluble

This means the solubility of a substance in a liquid or water. More specifically, its ability to be uniformly incorporated into water and separated into molecules or ions. Cannabis products can often be manipulated to increase their solubility in water using liposomes or specialized nano-emulsion techniques.

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